Refugee Appeal Division provide an opportunity to establish that the Refugee Protection Division decision has done something wrong in in deciding the case on the matter of fact or law or both, and it allows new evidence that was not reasonably available at the time of the Refugee Protection Division process.
Failed asylum claimants can appeal a negative decision. Decisions on most claims are expected within 120 days unless a hearing is held. Decisions on claims from people from designated countries of origin or those with manifestly unfounded claims will be rendered within 30 days unless a hearing is held. Almost all hearing are decided on the documents produced, only in rare circumstances an Oral hearing is allowed.